Case 14

Jordi Borràs

A Spanish policeman breaks photojournalist Jordi Borràs’ nose while shouting: “Long live Spain and long live Franco!”

Borràs: “Franco was buried, but Franco’s regime wasn’t”.


On 16 July 2018 Jordi Borràs, a photojournalist, reported that he had been assaulted while walking along Capellans Street, in central Barcelona. The aggressor shouted “Viva España, Viva Franco” and attacked the photojournalist in martial fashion. Borràs suffered several bruises and a broken nose. The aggressor shoved his Spanish policeman’s badge in the face of bystanders when they tied to restrain him, and when hurriedly leaving the place of the assault, he left behind a bag containing, among other things, a knife. After the incident, which was filmed and photographed by several people, Borràs was treated at Peracamps dispensary and next day he filed a complaint before the Catalan police.

The Spanish National Police Internal Affairs Department apparently opened an internal inquiry on the officer involved in the assault, who is a member of the Spanish National Police Information Unit in Barcelona. The officer decided, in turn, to accuse Borràs of the same offence. Both Jordi Borràs and the police officer testified as defendants on 29 October, as ordered by the judge in charge of the Barcelona Criminal Court of First Instance No. 8. Witnesses confirmed Borras’ version of the incident. Moreover, the policeman was in plain clothes and Borràs did not know him.


Jordi Borràs is known for his extensive research and photo coverage of Spanish ultranationalist  movements in Catalonia, among other professional activities (check his website). Thanks to his investigations, certain ideologies and individuals that had seemingly disappeared fom the scene after the Franco regime ended in 1975, have been exposed, and Mr. Borràs has become the most visible enemy of Fascist movements. During an ultranationalist rally in Barcelona on “Día de la hispanidad” (12 October) in 2015, Pedro Chaparro, one of the leaders of the extreme-right ultranationalist party Democracia Nacional, addressed the 250-odd people attending the rally thus: “We have seen over there that rat, Jordi Borràs. If you see him I ask you all to fuck the hell out of him”.

The capacity of Mr. Borràs to cover the event as a journalist and do his job was thus jeopardized as he had to hurry off, fearing for his physical integrity. It is worth noting that Mr. Chaparro was one of the violent assailants that broke into an event on the Catalan Government’s premises in Madrid (the Blanquerna Centre) in September 2013, a day before passing a test to become a professional security agent. Mr. Chaparro had been sentenced to four years’ imprisonment for this offence, but thanks to his appeal to the Constitutional Court – and despite the later one-year sentence for his 2015 speech– he has yet to set foot in jail.

In his CV Jordi Borràs describes himself as an illustrator, photojournalist and member of The “Ramon Barnils” group of journalists. This group specialises in social issues and its main focusses are on Catalan current affairs, and on far-right movements operating in Catalonia. Nowadays, Mr. Borràs works as a freelance press reporter for national and international media. In the areas of photography and research journalism his main books to date are “Warcelona, una història de violència” (2013) and “Plus ultra. Una crònica gràfica de l’espanyolisme a Catalunya” (2015), and “Desmuntant Societat Civil Catalana” (2015).

In his book “Plus Ultra”, Jordi Borràs states

“Ultra-patriotism, catalanophobia, hatred toward migrants and nostalgia for Franco’s dictatorship are a dangerous combination that puts a tranquil coexistence at risk. Yet thus far, most of the Spanish press does not seems concerned by it. The only thing we’ve heard from them regarding these rising tendencies is nothing but silence. Backed by similar growing tensions across Europe and all the way to the other side of the Atlantic, the far-right in Spain has made sure that they are heard. This book explains through photography how the far-right, the Spanish nationalists sitting in the parliament and the police and military environment have been working together with the goal of keeping Spain’s unity. A graphic overview of the other key factors behind the Catalan independentist process between 2009 and 2014”

Jordi Borràs is also the author of the book “Days that will last for years” (2018) in which he describes the violence of the Spanish police towards the catalan peaceful voters in the Catalan referendum of the 1st of October 2017.

He adds: “The events of 1st October 2017 will be forever etched into the collective memory of several generations of Catalans. The astuteness of all those citizens who guarded ballot boxes and papers, the first wave of arrests of public officials, society’s all-out mobilisation, the police violence, the peaceful resistance and the political and judicial action triggered by all of this will accompany some and haunt others for the rest of their lives.”

The outcome

On 29 October 2018, Mr. Borràs and the police officer who had attacked him testified at the City of Justice of Barcelona. A medical report and some witnesses testifying that they had seen the police officer assaulting the journalist, proved the injuries denounced by Jordi Borràs to be related to the assault he had suffered. For his part, the police officer provided no evidence of the aggression that he claimed Mr. Borràs had inflicted upon him.

Consequently, this assault suffered by Jordi Borràs was reported before the European Commission on 18 July 2018 by three MEPs: Josep Maria Terricabras and Jordi Solé (ERC) and Ramon Tremosa (PDECat). They also reported the Nazi salutes done by the people gathered at the “Valle de los Caídos” (Dictator Francisco Franco’s mausoleum) on the previous Sunday. Under the title “Far-right violence in Catalonia and legality of apologetics for fascism and Francoism” On October 19 the Commission sent its reply, to the effect that it has no competence to investigate alleged individual cases of hate speech and hate crime. As of today, to publicly advocate for Francoism is not a punishable offence in Spain, contrary to the German prosecution of the apologist for nazism. 

Moreover, Mr. Borràs as an eye-witness to many of the events to be analysed in the October 1 Supreme Court trial stating on February 12 2019, was put forward as a witness by defence counsels. However, the Court ruled him out on February 1, arguing that hundreds of professionals have access to the same graphic documentation sources and also undertake journalistic investigations. Thereby, they claimed that it does not justify his testimony

Violated rights

Journalism plays an essencial role in democratic systems. Democratic countries protect the free exercise of journalism, as well as the freedom of information. The Spanish Constitution also contains this provisions. 

The assault on a journalist by a police officer that was not on duty is much more than a violation of the right to physical integrity: it is a clear attack on freedom of information, since it seeks to restrict the freedom of the journalist through coercion. 

The fact that the police officer assaulted Jordi Borràs shouting “Viva España, viva Franco” is a proof of the political motivations of the aggression, which fits with the regulation of the hate crime provided by the Spanish Criminal Code. The apology for Francoism, which is not punished in Spain, is even more worrying if we consider that it was pronounced by a police officer, who is supposed to be guarantor of the public order and the protection of the fundamental rights.

Moreover, under the Council Framework Decision 2008/913/JHA of 28 November 2008 on combating certain forms and expressions of racism and xenophobia by means of criminal law, member States must ensure that public incitement to violence or hatred is criminalised. It is for national law enforcement and judicial authorities to investigate and prosecute any such instance under relevant provisions of national law, and also to deal with the sensitive and complex issue of addressing the horrors and crimes committed under totalitarian regimes.

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